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Raspberry: Raspberries are used to treat bilious, cancer, children's ailments, common cold, cough, diabetes, diarrhea, eye ailments, fever, gastritis, gastro-intestinal disturbances, gout, kidney ailments, liver ailments, morning sickness, mouth sores, paralysis, pyorrhea, rheumatism, scurvy, skin ailments, sore throat, toothache, ulcers, urinary ailments, venereal ailments, women's ailments, and wounds. As a gargle it will help sore throats. Raspberry is rich in iron and calcium and contains vitamin A, vitamin B1, and vitamin C. Its actions include: astringent, tonic and parturient.

Raspberry Leaf: Stimulating astringent in watery mixtures, used in bathes and in facial saunas for oily skin.

Red Clover: Red Clover has been used as a diuretic to treat gout, and also as an expectorant. Red Clover is used as a nutrition supplement for all forms of degenerative disease and as an antibiotic helping fight bacterium, the most significant of which is the pathogen that causes tuberculosis. Red clover has also been used effectively as a blood purifier, a relaxant, and an appetite suppressant.

Red Raspberry Extract: A soothing and non-stimulating extract. Noted to be a natural antibiotic, it is soothing and relaxing to inflamed skin. It is also excellent for sensitive skin and relieving irritation caused by acne, shaving or windburn.

Regenerative: Restores and revives tissue growth.

Regranulation: Granulation is the forming of connective tissue fibroblasts, epithelium and inflammatory cells around the nucleus of new capillaries in tissues that have been burned or scraped. If the tissue is reinjured, then regranulation occurs, with more formation of scar tissue.

Relax: To chemically straighten the hair to gently smooth out curl, reduce frizz, or create a straight style.

Remedy: Anything that cures or prevents disease.

Renal: Pertaining to the kidney.

Resin: Resin is usually a yellowish brown plant secretion of vegetable origin. Resins are soluble in ether, alcohol, and essential oils, but not in water. Resins exude from trees in combination with essential oils, gums, etc, and are found in a liquid or semi liquid state. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and are supposed to be formed by the oxidation of the essential oils. When mixed with gum they form the gum resins, like asafetida and gamboges; mixed with essential oils, they form balsams, or oleoresins.

Resorcinol: Benzene derivative employed in the treatment of acne, ringworm, psoriasis, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis and other cutaneous lesions. Resorcinol is an indirect food additive polymer for use as a basic component of single and repeated use food contact surfaces.

Rete Ridge: Projection from the epidermis that extends downward into the dermis. Helps anchor the dermis and epidermis.

Retention Hyperkeratosis: The abnormal pattern of keratinization that occurs in acne. The keratinizing cells within the follicle become abnormally sticky and adherent.

Retin-A: Vitamin A derivative that acts as a topical anti-acne treatment. Additionally found to be beneficial in removing fine lines from facial skin. Caution: Can create photosensitivity. See Vitamin A Derivatives.

Retinoid: Natural or synthetic derivative of vitamin A with a wide range of therapeutic applications. See Vitamin A Derivatives.

Retinol: A vitamin A acid (main ingredient in Retin-A and Renova). These products are used to treat fine wrinkles and acne. See Vitamin A Derivatives.

Retinyl Palmitate: A vitamin A derivative that is an essential skin nutrient necessary for healthy skin maintenance and repair. It is useful in cosmetics to moisturize dry skin and reduce excess oil. See Vitamin A Derivatives.

Reverse Perm: A technique to straighten hair that uses rods to reset tightly curled hair into a looser, more manageable curl pattern.

Rheumatism: Defined broadly, it is almost any chronic dull ache resulting from and associated with the aging process.

Rhubarb: This root is collected in China and Turkey (not the garden variety). Rhubarb Root has a purgative action that makes it useful in the treatment of constipation. It also has an astringent, antiseptic and cleansing action upon the stomach. It is used in cases of diarrhea, dysentery and functional dyspepsia.

Riboflavin: (Vitamin B2) Works with soluble tyrosine in suntan-enhancing products. Believed to accelerate tyrosine in tanning products. Produces a characteristic yellow color in lotions. Necessary for the maintenance of good vision, skin, nails & hair; alleviates eye fatigue; promotes general health.

Ribonucleic Acid: See RNA.

Ribosome: Any of the RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites of protein synthesis.

RNA: Ribonucleic acid; the nucleic acid in which the sugar is ribose, constituting the genetic material in the RNA viruses and playing a role in the flow of genetic information. RNA serves as a template for protein synthesis.

Robane: Obtained from shark oil, Robane helps skin absorb oxygen and acts to fight bacteria.

Rosacea: A chronic form of acne showing increased redness or acne-like eruptions. A facial skin disorder characterized by erythema, papules, pustules and telangiectasia on the cheeks, nose, and chin, forehead and/or eyelids. The treatment of skin eruptions may include long-term treatment with topical antifungals, steroids, or antibiotics.

Rose Water: Rose water has been used for its cleansing and astringent benefits. Rose water is a liquid with a pleasant smell and is used on the skin as a perfume or to flavor food.

Rose Hip Extract: Rich in natural Vitamin C, this extract is moisturizing and hydrating to the skin. It can also help protect the skin from capillary damage and firms and tones skin tissues.

Rosemary: Rosemary has stimulating, rejuvenating, astringent, nervine, conditioning and antiseptic properties. It is used in infusions, teas, decoctions, poultices, oils, etc. Rosemary is a circulatory and nervine stimulant, which has a toning and calming effect on the digestion. It may also be used in cases of psychological tension to counteract flatulent dyspepsia, headache or depression associated with debility. Externally it may be used to ease muscular pain, sciatica and neuralgia. It acts as a stimulant to both the hair follicles and circulation in the scalp and may help combat premature baldness. It has a fragrant smell, and a warm, pungent, bitter taste. It is further used in cookery and perfumes.

Rosemary Extract: As an extract it can be used as a natural diuretic, tonic, decongestant, and a tissue toner and firmer. See Rosemary.

Rosemary Oil: Used for its purifying, cleansing and antiseptic properties. See Rosemary.

Royal Jelly: Royal Jelly produced by bees is high in B vitamins and contains all the essential amino acids, unsaturated fats, natural sugars, and minerals such as iron, calcium, silicon, sulfur, and potassium. Applied topically it's said to help improve skin's elasticity and minimizes wrinkles nourishing the skin and erasing facial blemishes. Royal Jelly has also been used to treat cases of fatigue, depression, and convalescence from illness. It is capable of stimulating the adrenal glands to produce a positive reaction on increased metabolism, enhanced energy, greater sexual capability and appetite.

Rubefacient: An external application causing redness or irritation to the skin.

Rue: The oil of Rue is a powerful compound that induces the expulsion of an embryo or fetus (abortifacient), and should be avoided during pregnancy. Its main use is the regulation of menstrual periods .As an anti-spasmodic it may be used to relax muscles, especially in the digestive system where it will ease griping and bowel tension. It also increases peripheral circulation and lowers elevated blood pressure. If the fresh leaf is chewed, it will relieve tension headaches, ease palpitations and other anxiety problems. Caution: avoid during pregnancy.